Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found naturally in the cannabis flower. They mesh with receptors throughout our body, eliciting a spectrum of mental and physical effects. THC is the most well-known of these cannabinoids, and there are other powerful chemical compounds native to the cannabis flower including CBD, CBG, and CBC.
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a complex cell-signaling system of specific receptors, molecules, and enzymes found naturally throughout the body. This system plays a role in regulating a range of functions and processes which contribute to homeostasis - the stability and optimal functioning of your internal environment. For example, if an outside force such as a fever or pain from an injury throws off your body's homeostasis, your ECS kicks in to help your body return to its ideal balanced operation. Cannabinoids from cannabis have the ability to interact with this system as well.
Research has linked the ECS to appetite and digestion, metabolism, chronic pain, inflammation and other immune system responses, mood, motor control, sleep, organ function, and much more. The ECS exists and is active in your body even if you don't use cannabis.
THC (Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as Delta-9 THC) is the principal psychoactive component of cannabis and also has certain medical uses. In addition to being responsible for the euphoric "high", Delta-9 THC helps reduce nausea and vomiting, relieves pain, stimulates appetite, and suppresses muscle spasms.
THCA (Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol acid, also known as Delta-9 THCA) is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in raw and live cannabis. As the plant is dried and processed, THCA slowly converts to THC. THCA is found to aid sleep, inhibit cancer cell growth, and suppress muscle spasms.
Delta-8 THC (Delta-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol) is similar to its psychoactive relative Delta-9 THC, but with several key differences including a lower psychotropic potency, making it less likely to produce anxiety in adults. It can help treat nausea and vomiting, calms anxiety, relieves pain, and protects nerve cells against damage and debilitation.
THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) is similar to THC in molecular structure and psychoactive properties, but it provides a variety of pronounced and altogether different effects. While usually found only in trace amounts, some strains have higher levels of THCV, and is being shown to reduce convulsions and seizures, and promote bone growth.
CBD (Cannabidiol) stands out because it is both non-intoxicating and displays a broad range of potential medical applications including helping relieve or reduce anxiety, inflammation, pain, nausea and vomiting, seizures, and more. It also has uses as an antibacterial, to promote bone growth, and in treating psoriasis, and more.
CBDA (Cannabidiolic acid) is the parent of CBD, it's simply the unaltered or raw form. CBDA shows promise in reducing inflammation and inhibiting cancer cell growth.
CBDV (Cannabidivarin) is one of many molecules derived from cannabis and hemp plants. Much of the research around CBDV has centered around its effect on seizures, and is also showing promise in several other areas of medicine.
CBG (Cannabigerol) is the chemical parent of both THC and CBD. Because it is non-psychotropic, CBG shows promise to help aid sleep, inhibit cancer cell growth, promote bone growth, and slow bacterial growth.
CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid), is produced in the plant to maximize energy directed toward the flower. CBGA is the precursor to three major cannabinoids: THCA, CBDA, and CBCA. It can help to reduce inflammation, relieve pain, and slow bacterial growth.
CBC (Cannabichromene) has the ability to bind with other receptors in the body, including pain receptors. While CBC has singular benefits including inhibiting cancer cell growth, promoting bone growth, reducing inflammation and relieving pain, researchers also think that it seems to synergistically work with other cannabinoids.
CBCA (Cannabichromenic acid) helps to reduce inflammation and treat fungal infection.
CBN (Cannabinol) is a non-intoxicating compound that is best known as the cannabinoid created when THC ages. Research is showing potential for isolated CBN as an antibacterial, an appetite stimulant, a neuroprotectant, to reduce arthritis inflammation, and in treating glaucoma.